Agreement That Ended Reconstruction In The South

Whether through informal agreements or simply through appeasements already in line with Hayes` plans, discussions with the Southern Democrats have satisfied the concerns of many. This prevented a Congressional Filibuster who had threatened to extend the resolution of the electoral dispute beyond Inauguration Day in 1877. [6] The post-war south, where most of the fighting had taken place, faced many challenges. In the aftermath of the war, the countries of the South saw collapsing real estate values, damaged railways and agricultural difficulties. Elite planters have faced overwhelming economic hardship, immortalized by a lack of workers for their fields. But it was the newly liberated slaves in the former Confederate States who faced the greatest challenge: what to do with their newly acquired freedom. The re-enactments ended when national attention shifted from the integration of former slaves as equal citizens that allowed white democrats to resume Southern politics. Between 1868 and 1877, after the Depression of 1873, the national interest in reconstruction accelerated, when economic issues were brought to the fore. The main threat to the Republican power of the South was the violence and intimidation of white conservatives, who were repelled by the presence of federal troops in major cities in the South.

The reconstruction ended with the controversial presidential elections of 1876 that established Republican Rutherford B. Hayes in exchange for the withdrawal of federal troops from the South. In South Carolina, the choice of bloodshed had been overshadowed on both sides of the party line. Supporters of Democratic G.S. Presidential candidate Wade Hampton, a former Confederate general, had used force and intimidation to deal with the majority of African-American voices. A collision between black militias and armed whites in Hamburg in July ended with the death of five militiamen after their surrender, while six white men were killed in Camboy (near Charleston) when armed blacks opened fire at a political meeting. With both sides accusing each other of voter fraud, South Carolina, along with Florida and Louisiana, presented two sets of election results with different results. In Oregon, the state`s Democratic governor replaced a Republican voter with a Democrat (who said the Republican was ineligible), which also called into question Hayes` victory in that state. In any case, the reconstruction has ended. The dominance of the Southern Democratic Party was consolidated by the rise of “Redeemer” governments, which supplanted Republican governments.